Treatment for Schizophrenia

 

Schizophrenia is a chronic mental health condition which requires ongoing medical supervision and follows up.

Prevention

Some individuals are more at risk than others to develop schizophrenia. Those with family history along with early use of cannabis and amphetamines tend to develop Schizophrenia at a young age. Hence modification of environmental and psycho-social factors might play a role

Early diagnosis

The period of untreated psychosis is often the most important factor that determines outcome of treatment. Hesitating to take treatment or even delaying a diagnosis might have unwanted consequences. Over the past few decades, the rate of recognition of the symptoms has improved and we are now well aware of attenuate psychotic symptoms especially in young individuals.

Treatment

Treatment of schizophrenia involves use of both medications and psychological interventions

The common medications used to treat schizophrenia are called Anti-Psychotics.

Aripiprazole, Amisulpride, Risperidone, Paliperidone, Olanzapine, Quetiapine and Clozapine are some of the examples of such medications.

The treatment aims to reduce the strange experiences such as hearing voices, seeing visions, fear and paranoia. Most people would feel a reduction in symptoms within days to weeks of treatment. The treatment is often continued for a period of time.

Prophylaxis:

Once a person’s symptoms achieve remission, ongoing treatment and monitoring might be required to re-adjust the dose, look for side effects and determine the total duration of treatment. This is usually done by a psychiatrist or a general practitioner.

Hospitalisation

Minority of those with the illness require hospitalisation to manage acute episodes. Such treatment might use injectable anti-psychotics or electro-convulsive therapies.

Psychiatrists at Mindoc can assist a person in determining the nature of their illness, appropriate treatment and its setting.