Schizophrenia is a mental health disorder which affects how the brain works and causes people to experience hallucinations and/or delusions. Hallucinationsinvolves hearing or seeing things that aren’t there, while delusions involve strange beliefs that are abnormal or not true. Since this is usually associated with an altered perception of reality, some people may not understand the abnormal nature of these experiences. It becomes even harder for the person as these beliefs and experiences can sometimes be an exaggeration of their prior beliefs (now beyond reason) , to which they have identified with before.
What causes Schizophrenia?
The exact cause of schizophrenia is still being researched. However, the influences of genetics is becoming clearer than before. Similarly our understanding of the contribution of anatomical and functional brain changes is also improving. Those with PTSD and those on recreational drugs such as cannabis and amphetamines increase the likelihood of a person developing schizophrenia. Men tend to show symptoms of schizophrenia earlier than women. In rare cases it can also develop in childhood.
How does Schizophrenia affect people?
Schizophrenia can have different illness course and outcomes. . the duration of untreated psychosis is a good predictor of treatment response and functional and cognitive recovery over time. Hence it is very important to diagnose and treat schizophrenia at the earliest.
Are there other health concerns for people with Schizophrenia?
Anxiety, depression, substance use issues and other physical health problems are usually seen as co-morbidities.
How is Schizophrenia diagnosed?
Schizophrenia is diagnosed clinically. A psychiatrist will diagnose a person with schizophrenia based on their symptoms and behavior. There are no lab tests unavailable today to diagnose schizophrenia. Brain scans are usually used to rule out structural lesions of the brain.
What is recovery like for Schizophrenia?
1 in 7 people with schizophrenia recover completely. Along with the right treatment and support a person with schizophrenia will be able to manage their symptoms. Although, relapses do occur from time to time a person with schizophrenia is still able live a happy and full life.
Psychiatrists at Mindoc are highly experienced in diagnosis and treatment of Schizophrenia. They can tailor your treatment, give you independent advise or monitor the progress of your treatment.